I am not a veterinarian. The health information provided on and accessible via this Blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered to be healthcare advice, veterinary or medical diagnosis, treatment or prescribing of any kind. Additionally, none of this information should be considered a promise of benefits, a claim of cures, a legal warranty or a guarantee of results to be achieved. This information is not intended as a substitute for advice from your pet’s veterinarian or any other healthcare provider. You should not use this information for diagnosis or treatment of any disease, condition or health problem or for prescription of any medication, supplement or other treatment for your pet, yourself or any other person or animal. You should consult with a veterinarian before altering or discontinuing any of your pet’s current medications, treatment or care or starting any diet, exercise or supplementation program. You should also check with your pet’s veterinarian if you have or suspect he or she might have a health problem.

Tuesday, December 20, 2016

Budgie Care 101

So you are considering getting a budgie and are wondering about budgie care. Well this is the page for you! I believe that the place to start when considering caring for your budgie (or horse or dog or pig…) is to learn a bit about where they come from originally. Their origins will tell you what sort of food they are designed for, what type of habitat they suit and also explain a lot about their behavior. So, where do they come from and what does that tell us about budgie care?

Budgies are very agile and playful pets and you can easily keep them entertained with a few well-chosen toys. These must be safe for your bird so when selecting them take care. Anything that the budgie can catch a foot, toenail or beak in should be avoided or only used under supervision.

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Thursday, December 8, 2016

Healthy, Happy Dogs - Some Health Training Tips for Owners

If you're an ordinary person who loves dogs and has one or would like to have one, you may be overwhelmed by the amount of information on dog ownership, training and nutrition available to you online and elsewhere.

A well trained and healthy dog is one of life's great pleasures. In fact, after family and friends, dogs are the most important creatures in our lives In fact, dogs are our best friends! My family always had dogs when I was a kid; I remember them all well. One of my childhood's saddest memories was when our corgi Taffy, a pretty fiery little fellow, got run over on Guy Fawke's Nite. My father and I tended to his injuries, but he died from them.

The point is that dogs may not be human, but they may as well be, for the emotions they arouse and the love and devotion they give us if they are well treated. Don't they deserve the best we can give them?

Some of the things I believe everyone who has a dog should understand are very simple to apply to ensure you have a healthy, well-trained dog who loves you and will be your best friend for life:

#1. Treat your dog as you would treat any other member of your family; dogs respond to love, care and attention just like the rest of us. Our Marty is a Shitszu-Fox terrier cross, absolutely adorable, and the poor little bloke gets hugs and kisses all day long. He sleeps on our bed!

#2. Be sure your dog knows who's boss: be firm but not physical. Dogs are like children - they need to know limits but they do not respond well to physical violence. In fact, Marty as a puppy received (unknown to us at the time) some very rough treatment from a dog groomer we took him to. He still reacts if we try to trim his feet.

#3. Feed your dog food that it likes to eat but is also good for it. There are plenty of dog foods available but make sure the one you choose for your dog is as natural as possible and not full of preservatives or additives that can and do cause ailments such as cancer. We have recently carried out an exercise in comparing dog foods, and the results were pretty bad. Good food is more expensive, but generally you need less of it, and its certainly better for the dog.

#4. Exercise your dog according to its needs. A big dog requires big exercise, a smaller one not so much. Exercise will enable your dog to burn off the energy they will otherwise spend on things they shouldn't. We find with Marty that, if we can't get him out for a walk, throwing and getting him to return a tennis ball gives him plenty of exercise. (He also tends to hoon around when the mood takes him ,which cracks us up!)

#5. Do not leave your dog at home all day alone. Dogs are social animals and need your company. On their own they get frustrated and bored (just as humans do). We take Marty where we can. Be very careful, though, that you don't leave your dog in a car for long in summer - they get heat-stressed very easily and can really suffer.

Some easy things I recommend you do for your dog (and you!):

Start training and good eating habits early! Take your puppy to a training school for basic tips and socialisation with other dogs and humans. Basic commands such as "sit" "stay" "heel" etc are very important and not difficult to implant if done properly;

Pick a pecking order of command givers in your family and stick to it. Dogs are pack animals and look to the alpha male;

Get a good vet and stick with him or her if you can. They will give you good advice on nutrition, vaccinations etc and will get to know your dog's history. This is really important if special treatment is needed at any time;

Unless you plan to breed, have your dog neutered at about 6 months; he will not wander and will generally lose any aggressiveness he might have. If your dog is a female and un-neutered, you will have to lock her in when she's on heat!;

-Courtesy of http://pet-articles.blogspot.com. 


Tuesday, December 6, 2016

How to Check and Clean Your Cat's Ears

An important part of keeping your cat healthly and happy is checking and cleaning their ears. Because the ears are one of the few parts that cats can not reach themselves they need a little help from a loving owner. Keeping your cats ears clean is extremely important because any unremoved dirt, debris, or wax can clog the ears and cause infections. Regular ear cleaning at home augment's your cats own natural grooming habits.

1. How to check the ears

During petting, casually check your cats ears for discharge, redness, unpleasant smell, swelling, and even lumps. Also observe your cat's behaviour, if he often scratches or paws at his ears (and sometimes even shakes his head often), then he might be feeling discomfort in the ear area.

If you notice that your cats ears are becoming painful or inflamed, visit a veterinarian as soon as possible. The veterinarian has the equipment to look deep into your cat's ear canal and give an accurate diagnosis. The veterinarian will determine if allergies, skin conditions, ear mites, bacteria, yeasts, and fungi are causing ear diseases. Seek early treatment, or your cat's ear condition may become too late to heal.

2. How to clean the ears

Ask your veterinarian for gentle ear cleaning solutions you can use to keep your cats ears clean. These special solutions are effective in removing excess wax, moisture, and debris from your cat's outer ear canal. Be sure to use only solutions that are specifically formulated for cats. Avoid medicated solutions, unless your veterinarian advises you to use it.

Different solutions are administered differently, but most of them require you to follow these steps.

* You typically only need a few drops of the ear solution. Squeeze the bottle and let a few drops fall on into your cat's ear canal.

* Start massaging the base of your cats ear gently. You should hear a 'squelch' while you do this. Repeat the same procedure with the other ear. After both ears have been cleaned, let your cat shake its head, this loosens the waxes.

NOTE: Stop massaging immediately if your cat feels pain, and then take your cat to the veterinarian if you haven't already done so.

* Wipe the solution by wrapping your forefinger with cotton wool, this should clean off wax and debris. Do this gently though and do not poke in too deep, or you might hurt your cats eardrum.

It is recommended not to use cotton buds, which can injure the ear canals' sensitive lining.

-Courtesy of http://pet-articles.blogspot.com.

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

General Safety Rules

Photo Credit: Ellen Levy Finch

There are several tips you can follow to help keep your pet safe. Here are a few:

  • Don’t let your dog ride in an open truck bed 
  • Keep your pet’s head and paws inside the car 
  • Check your pet’s collar regularly 
  • Don’t let your cat play with string 
  • Keep your cat indoors 

Click here for more information.

Tuesday, November 1, 2016


Photo Credit: Dimus
Turkeys are sensitive, social individuals, and in conditions where they are permitted to thrive, they are seen for the complex, adaptive, and intelligent animals that they are. Turkey hens are devoted mothers who care diligently for their young, with broods staying together for 4-5 months and male siblings maintaining a social bond for life.  Young turkeys under four weeks of age, known as poults, learn crucial survival skills and information from their mother, including what to eat, how to avoid predators, the geographical layout of the home range, and important social behaviors. During the day, the birds forage together in brush, fields, and wooded expanses, using their beaks to explore and to locate food; by night, they roost high in trees, safe from predators. The size of a brood’s home range varies, but can be as large as 500 acres.

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Thursday, September 29, 2016

Geckos as Pets

Photo Credit: http://www.earthsfriends.com
There are many species of geckos, and several are kept as pets. The most popular is likely the leopard gecko, which is a good starter reptile and is also popular with experienced owners. They are docile, relatively easy to tame and also relatively easy to care for. However, several other species of gecko, such as the crested gecko, are becoming quite popular and are also suitable for beginners.

Geckos come in a variety of beautiful patterns/colors depending on the species. However, as always, know what you are getting and what will be needed to provide a good home for a gecko. The requirements and difficulty of care will vary with different species, as will temperament.

Never grab a gecko by the tail, for they will often drop their tails (a natural defense against predators). If this should happen, however, do not panic. It will grow back, although it may have a different shape and/or color. The gecko should be well fed (and ideally separated from their cage mates) until the tail has regrown.


Thursday, September 22, 2016

Thinking About Getting a Pet Rabbit?

Photo Credit: Pixabay
Rabbits make wonderful indoor pets. They are adorable and brimming with personality. But before you swoop into the shelter and pick out a cutie, there are a few things you should know to ensure a rabbit is right for you and your family.

Owning a pet rabbit comes with added financial responsibility.

Rabbits are social animals. The location of a rabbit’s housing area within your home (which can take the form of a puppy pen, bunny condo, large cage, or just an area with the food, litter boxes, and cardboard castles if the bunny is free reign) is an extremely important consideration. You’ll have to make sure the rabbit has a place to relax by himself but is not completely secluded from the family. Rabbits need social interaction, plenty of exercise, and a lot of enrichment activities.

There's a lot more information, click here.

Thursday, September 15, 2016


Photo Credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org
Although often portrayed as moody and difficult to work with, donkeys, if trained right, can be loyal and effective farm hands that are naturally inclined to not only herd but also protect sheep and goats from predators such as coyotes and roaming dogs.

The donkey or ass is a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae. The donkey has been used as a working animal for at least 5000 years. There are more than 40 million donkeys in the world, mostly in underdeveloped countries, where they are used principally as draught or pack animals. Working donkeys are often associated with those living at or below subsistence levels. Small numbers of donkeys are kept for breeding or as pets in developed countries.

A male donkey or ass is called a jack, a female a jenny or jennet and a young donkey is a foal.

Thursday, September 8, 2016

Cockatoos as Pets

Photo Credit: http://carolinabirds.org
Cockatoo’s make exceptional companion birds, if their needs and requirements are adequately met. They are affectionate, funny, comical, mischievous and generally easy to get along with. Their requirements, however, are rather complex and many.

The key to a great Cockatoo as a companion bird is a great beginning. Cockatoo’s are known for becoming phobic and developing behavioral issues such as plucking and/or screaming. A study was done a few years ago by Dr. Brian Speer, DVM and associates that indicated that many of these phobic issues may be caused by the early weaning that is practiced by many breeders.³ In the wild, and also in captivity, if left alone, Cockatoo babies stay with their parents until the next breeding season. Thus, a year or slightly less. While the babies are certainly eating on their own a few weeks after fledgling, they have also been observed being fed by their parents up until the next clutch is laid.

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Thursday, September 1, 2016


Photo Credit: Helen Day
The sheep is an animal which has a thick coat of fleece on its body. Sheep have hoofs that is divided into two toes. They have a gland between their toes. The horns of the ram is usually curved outward. Not all rams have horns. There are hornless breeds too. In some breeds, even the ewes have horns. The average life-span of a sheep is about 7 years. Some live longer. The sheep should not be confused with the goat. They are different in many ways. Sheep do not have a beard like the billy goat. They also do not have the "goat" odor.

Domestic breeds of sheep are descendent of 2 kinds of wild sheep. They are the Urial and the Mouflon from Southern Asia.

Thursday, August 25, 2016

Canaries as Pets

Photo Credit: Forest and Kim Starr
Canaries can be the easiest pet birds to have. Even the smallest apartment has room for one. They are simple to care for and do not require much attention. Canaries are solitary in nature, so a lone male is perfectly content by himself and will sing whether you are there or not. It can be your only pet, or part of a household menagerie.

These birds are a type of finch that is native to the Canary Islands, after which they are named. The wild canary, which still exists, is brownish green and looks like a sparrow. Captive bred for 500 years, the yellow mutation has long been the most popular. Today, canaries are available in many colors and a range of sizes, shapes, and patterns.

As with any pet, it is best to buy a canary directly from a breeder. For referrals, contact a local bird club, veterinarian, or pet shop that only sells supplies. A good breeder should band their birds in order to identify them and prevent inbreeding. They should also provide you with care instructions and a food sample. It is a good idea to get your own book on canary care for reference.

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Thursday, August 18, 2016

American Bison

Photo Credit: Jack Dykinga

The American bison, also known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo has one distinct advantage over most domestic cattle: its incredible hardiness. With a rough hide and thick covering of wool-like hair, a bison (even when very young) can easily tolerate the harsh, frigid winters of the upper prairie states and can weather blizzards that would likely kill entire herds of beef animals.

Thriving on grasses alone, the native livestock can range and forage far and wide, and even root out food from beneath deep snow. In fact, some commercial buffalo herds are simply left to forage year ground, although most are fed a little hay during the cold months. (Our Kansas Fish and Game Department's herd is given 1 1/2 pounds of 18% protein pellets, per animal, throughout the winter, as well as and supplemental hay when there's a ground cover of snow.)

The "buffalo" farmed today have been bred with cows, making them more docile and easier to farm. It is estimated that maybe 2% of the "buffalo" alive today are actually pure buffalo. Today's farmable buffalo are very different than the original species.

Thursday, August 11, 2016

Keep Pets Safe in the Heat

Photo Credit: Claude Valroff
The summer months can be uncomfortable—even dangerous—for pets and people. It's difficult enough simply to cope with rising temperatures, let alone thick humidity, but things really get tough in areas that are hit with the double blow of intense heat and storm-caused power outages, sometimes with tragic results.

We can help you keep your pets safe and cool this summer. Follow our tips for helping everyone in your family stay healthy and comfortable when the heat is on (and even if the power isn't).

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Thursday, August 4, 2016

Guinea Pigs as Pets

Photo Credit: Sandos
Guinea pigs are tail-less rodents that are native to the west coast of South America and since the mid-1800’s, laboratories have used them for research. The correct name for guinea pigs is Cavy, pronounced “kay-vee”.

Guinea pigs usually weigh around 3 ounces at birth, around 1-2 pounds full grown, and live for 5-6 years. An adult will measure 8-10 inches from the tip of its nose to the end of its rump. Their hair comes in a wide range of colors and the hair may be long, short or short and curly. Cavies have a very good sense of smell and sensitive hearing. They love to vocalize with squeals, chirps, squeaks, and whistles. Although not known for their intelligence, they do recognize their owners and will seek them out and return affection.

Guinea pigs are cuddly, comical, and clever. They make wonderful pets for children and can be very social animals. The animals do better in pairs as they prefer company, so unless you have a lot of time to devote to your pet getting at least two is often a good idea. They are not expensive to own and the biggest expense is the initial setting up of housing. Guinea pigs are hardy pets so veterinarian expenses are minimal.

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Thursday, July 28, 2016

African Grey Parrots

Photo Credit: L. Miguel Sanchez
The African grey parrot is one of the most talented talking/ mimicking birds on the planet, giving it quite a reputation among bird enthusiasts. Not only do bird keepers love this intelligent bird, it’s one of the most recognizable species to bird novices as well – everyone knows the African grey parrot. This parrot is one of the oldest psitticine species kept by humans, with records of the bird dating back to biblical times. Understated beauty and a brainy no-nonsense attitude are what keep this parrot at the peak of popularity.

There’s a reason why the African grey is often considered the poster bird for parrot intelligence … not only is this bird inclined to amass large vocabularies, African greys have also demonstrated an aptitude for recognizing the meaning of words and phrases. An African grey will need plenty of toys that challenge their intelligence, such as foraging and puzzle toys. African greys seems especially effected by stress and commotion in their environment and can be put more at ease by placing one corner of the cage against a wall as opposed to in the middle of a room.

African greys are especially susceptible to feather picking, calcium deficiency, vitamin-A and vitamin-D deficiency, respiratory infection, psittacosis and psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD).

Did you know?
Much of the grey’s appeal comes from its talking ability. It is among the best talkers in the parrot family, able to repeat words and phrases after hearing them just once or twice. This bird reaches full talking ability around a year of age, and most individuals become capable mimics much earlier.


Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Hoping for a Hedgehog? 10 Things to Know Before Bringing One Home

Photo Credit: Gaudete
Wild hedgehogs have been living in Africa forever, but only in recent years have they been kept as pets. Most North American pet hedgehogs, typically called African pygmy hedgehogs, were bred from African species and are considered domesticated. These little animals can make terrific companions when housed and fed appropriately, and their popularity appears to be increasing. But hedgehogs are not meant for everyone. Before you consider bringing a hedgehog into your home, there are several things to be aware of.

1. Hedgehogs Are Prickly
Like porcupines, the skin over hedgehogs’ backs is covered with sharp spines that protect them from predators. Thankfully, unlike our native porcupines, hedgehogs cannot shoot their quills out in defense. When caught in the mouth of a predator, however, hedgehogs will twitch and jump so that their quills poke into the skin and lips of the aggressor, making things generally unpleasant until they are released. Handling a nervous hedgehog can be tricky for an owner, and you may need to hold your friend in a small towel until he relaxes.

2. They Like to Play ‘I’m Out of Here’
As a defense mechanism, hedgehogs roll their bodies into tight little balls when threatened, causing their spines to point outward so that predators are unable to see their faces or limbs. They have very strong muscles over their backs, and it is nearly impossible to unfurl a hedgehog once he’s curled up. Pet hedgehogs must be handled gently and often to get them to relax and uncurl. Otherwise, you will spend a lot of time staring at a cute but prickly little ball in your lap.

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Thursday, July 21, 2016

Keeping Sugar Gliders as Pets

Photo Credit: http://www.popsugar.com
Sugar gliders do indeed make extraordinary pets. It is not, however, the best pet for every household. Gliders, like all exotic pets, have particular needs specific to their species. They also live 12-14 years in captivity. The decision to add a glider to your household is one that we hope you consider carefully. Our glider friends are not difficult animals to keep.

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Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Iguanas as Pets

Photo Credit: Ommnomnomgulp
Iguanas are certainly one of the most popular lizards to have ever been kept as a pet. There are a multitude of online resources available to iguana owners or potential owners but their popularity has thankfully been decreasing as pets over the years.

Fresh food is the key to a healthy iguana. Old thought processes included feeding cat food to help bulk up iguanas quickly but owners found out that all that protein caused kidney failure in their pets and their life spans were shortened greatly. Dark leafy greens, some fruit, and calcium supplementation must all be provided to keep your iguana healthy. Fruit and calcium supplementation should only be added about once a week to the diet. Avoid diets high in protein with your iguana.

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Thursday, July 14, 2016

10 Fun Facts About 'World's Ugliest Dog' Winner Sweepee Rambo

The competition was certainly fierce for crowning the homeliest hound in The World's Ugliest Dog Contest at the Sonoma-Marin County Fairgrounds in Petaluma, California. But Sweepee Rambo, a blind Chihuahua/Chinese Crested mix, emerged victorious after her third attempt for the crown.

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Tuesday, July 12, 2016


Photo Credit: Armin Kubelbeck
Goats are important farm animals all over the world. They can live in mountainous and dry areas where other animals (such as cows) would not be able to live.

Goats are covered with hair that can be white, black, gray, brown or red.

A goat is a "ruminant". That means that it has 4 stomachs. A goat has "cloven" hoofs. That means that each hoof has 2 toes.

A goat that is less than 1 year old is called a "kid". An adult female goat is called a "doe" or a "nanny". A "buck" or "billy goat" is an adult male goat.

Monday, July 11, 2016

Keeping Skinks as Pets

Blue-tongued Skink
Photo Credit: JJ Harrison
Certain species of skinks can make great pets particularly for reptile beginners or children keen on getting a reptile pet. They are among the best lizards to handle, being relatively docile and easy to tame. They are also playful and agile, providing hours of entertainment for those watching. Care is much the same as for other lizards, although careful thought must be given to housing as skinks can grow to a substantial size. The two most popular species that are kept as pets are the blue-tongues skink and the Berber or Schneider skink.

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Friday, July 8, 2016

Turtle Care Guide

Photo Credit: Petsmart.com
Of all the reptiles, turtles are the most beloved. And what’s not to love? These animals have adorable facial expressions, attractive patterns on their shells, and gentle habits.

Each species has slightly different requirements, but proper care is within the capabilities of most people. That said, taking in a turtle means you’re into pet-care for the long haul.

Any pet needs consistent care for his or her entire natural lifetime. That might be a couple years for a guppy or thirty years for a horse or eighty years for some of the parrots. Turtles are on the high end. Keeping a turtle as a pet is a long-term commitment. Indeed, a healthy turtle might outlive you. Make arrangements for his care, before the time comes when you are no longer able to keep him.

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Thursday, July 7, 2016

Welcoming Your New Hamster

Syrian Hamster
Photo Credit: Peter Maas

Here's how to make your hamster's transition to her new home as stress-free as possible.

Where should you look for a hamster companion? Instead of creating more demand for hamsters by purchasing one from a pet store, we suggest you adopt one from a local animal shelter. Hamsters and other small animals are frequently brought to shelters so that they can be placed in other homes.

When you first bring your new hamster home, she's likely to feel stressed by the transition to an unfamiliar environment. She may be away from her litter mates for the first time and will be inundated with strange sounds and smells.

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Wednesday, July 6, 2016

14 Things to Consider Before Buying a Ferret

Photo Credit: Alfredo Gutierrez
What Every Prospective Ferret Owner Needs to Know

Ferrets are playful, active, curious and loving. They make wonderful pets, but before you fall in love with one at a pet store or rush off to get one after talking to a delighted ferret owner, there are a few things that you must consider.

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Tuesday, July 5, 2016

Choosing a Pet Snake

Photo Credit: http://exoticpets.about.com
Snakes are fascinating animals and with regular handling most of them can be quite tame as pets. However, snakes are obviously not the right pets for everyone. They have unique requirements and should only be cared for by those with the commitment and understanding to meet their needs. If you are new to pet snakes find out what you should consider before deciding on one and what species are the best snakes for beginners.

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Friday, July 1, 2016

Thinking of Getting a Pet Turtle?

Photo Credit: http://www.turtlerescueleague.com
Turtles and other reptiles carry Salmonella bacteria, which can be easily transmitted to people. A small turtle may seem harmless, giving parents a false sense that they're a safe pet for children. But they're not. The disease risk is so great that selling small turtles is illegal in the United States.

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Thursday, June 30, 2016

Goldfish Care Guide

Photo Credit: Wikimedia
Goldfish are as popular as they are beautiful. With proper care and housing, some of these colorful fish can live for 20 years or more.

Goldfish and a similar fish known as “koi” have been kept as ornamental pets for more than a thousand years. Koi and goldfish have shows and societies devoted to them, just as there are shows and societies for dogs, cats, and fancy mice. Although goldfish are associated with fish bowls, these bowls were never intended to house the animal for extended periods. In fact, they were originally used to show off exceptional fish during dinner parties and other showings, and then the fish would be released back into the pond.

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Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Before You Get a Pet Frog

Photo Credit:  http://exoticpets.about.com
As with any other kind of pet, doing lots of research prior to deciding on the type of frog that best suits your needs is the best way to make sure you and your frog will be happy. Set up a tank with everything needed before getting a frog. Things to consider include:
  • Grown size of frogs. Some of the smallest frogs you might see in a pet store grow into giants. Sometimes their name adds to the confused expectations -- "pixie" frogs, which sound like they should be small, are actually African bullfrogs which grow to be 8-9 inches long and very fat. They get their cute name from their latin name, Pyxicephalus adspersus. 
  • The kind of tank they will need - aquatic, terrestrial, arboreal, or semi-aquatic (or half land and half water, which is probably the trickiest to set up and one of the most common types of tank needed for frogs). 
  • The type of food required - many frogs need a variety of insects, and the larger types can even eat pinkie mice 
  • Does the frog need to hibernate?

Tuesday, June 28, 2016


Photo Credit: David Corby
The domestic cat or the feral cat is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. Cats are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin. There are more than 70 cat breeds; different associations proclaim different numbers according to their standards.

Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision. They also have excellent hearing and can detect an extremely broad range of frequencies. They can hear higher-pitched sounds than either dogs or humans, detecting frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs both have ranges of about 9 octaves.

Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night. The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening, as a response to greater human activity at these times.

Did you know?
The average cat sleeps 16-18 hours per day.

Monday, June 27, 2016


Photo Credit: Claude Valroff
Dogs are domesticated carnivorous mammals that typically has a long snout, an acute sense of smell, and a barking, howling, or whining voice. It is widely kept as a pet or for work or field sports.

There are 340 recognized dog breeds in the world as of 2014, with 167 recognized in the United States. AKC-recognized breeds belong to 10 categorized groups based on the dog’s function, purpose, size or appearance.

Owning and caring for a dog is great fun and immensely rewarding. But it's also a big responsibility. There is no one 'perfect' way to care for all dogs because every dog and every situation is different. It's up to you how you look after your dog, but you must take reasonable steps to ensure that you meet all your dog's needs. When inviting others to play, a dog crouches on its forelimbs, remains standing on its hind limbs and may wag its tail or bark. This is called the ‘play bow’. Assistance dogs can help blind, deaf and disabled people, whilst some dogs can alert owners before an epileptic fit starts.

Did you know?
Dogs can get our diseases. About 6 million dogs are diagnosed with cancer each year, and dogs get canine versions of rare human disorders like the brain-wasting neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis that leads to the inability to walk or control their muscles. While illness is sad for humans and pets alike, sharing diseases benefits both species. Clinical trials are easier to run on pets, giving doctors an animal model of human disease -- and Fido a chance for a cure.

Friday, June 24, 2016

Cattle or Cows

Photo Credit: http://www.j-sainsbury.co.uk
Cattle or cows are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat (beef and veal), as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draft animals (oxen or bullocks that pull carts, plows and other implements). Other products include leather and dung for manure or fuel. In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant religious meaning. From as few as 80 progenitors domesticated in southeast Turkey about 10,500 years ago, according to an estimate from 2003, there are 1.3 billion cattle in the world. In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a fully mapped genome. Some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, and cattle raiding consequently one of the earliest forms of theft.

Cattle are large quadrupedal ungulate mammals with cloven hooves. Most breeds have horns, which can be as large as the Texas Longhorn or small like a scur. Careful genetic selection has allowed polled (hornless) cattle to become widespread.

Cattle are ruminants, meaning their digestive system is highly specialized to allow the use of poorly digestible plants as food. Cattle have one stomach with four compartments, the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum, with the rumen being the largest compartment. Cattle are known for regurgitating and re-chewing their food, known as "cud" chewing.

The mature female of the species is called a ‘cow’. The mature male of the species is called a ‘bull’. A group of cows is called a ‘herd’.A young female cow is called a ‘heifer’.A baby cow is called a ‘calf’.

Did you know?
Cows are social animals, and they naturally form large herds. And like people, they will make friends and bond to some herd members, while avoiding others.

Thursday, June 23, 2016


Photo Credit: François Marchal
Horses are ungulates — mammals with hooves. They also have long tails, short hair, muscular torsos, long thick necks and elongated heads. Due to domestication, they are found all over the world.

There is only one species of domestic horse, but around 400 different breeds that specialize in everything from pulling wagons to racing. All horses are grazers.

It is believed that horses were first domesticated in Asia between 3000 and 4000 B.C., according to Oklahoma State University. Back then, horses were used mostly for milk and meat. Eventually, horses joined oxen as a form of animal transportation.

Horses are found in almost every country in the world and every continent except Antarctica. For example, the Abyssinian is found in Ethiopia, the Budyonny comes from Russia, Deliboz is from Georgia and Armenia, the Egyptian came from Egypt and the Colorado Rangerbred comes from the Colorado plains, according to Oklahoma State University.

Horses are very social animals. They live in groups called herds. In the wild, horses will live in herds that consist of three to 20 animals and are lead by a mature male, which is called a stallion, according to National Geographic. The rest of the herd is made up of females and their young.

Horses are herbivores. This means they only eat vegetation. Typically, horses eat grass, but domesticated horses are often fed bran, rolled oats, barley and hay, as well.

Did you know? 
Horses can sleep both lying down and standing up.

Wednesday, June 22, 2016

Man Becomes Unlikely Best Friends with Baby Squirrel After Saving its Life

The little red squirrel was only 4-weeks-old when he fell four stories behind Decan Anderson’s building in Denmark.

He suffered a nasty chest wound from the fall and was abandoned by his mother, until Anderson came to his aid.

The man quickly fell in love with the squirrel, naming him TinTin and even affectionately fashioning a makeshift t-shirt for him from his sons socks so he wouldn’t scratch his wound.

Normally, keeping a squirrel as a pet is illegal, but officials made an exception in this extraordinary case, and after seeing how much the animal loves every human activity.

Tuesday, June 21, 2016


Photo Credit: http://www.globalmeatnews.com
Pigs are extraordinarily intelligent. They are curious and insightful animals who are widely accepted as being smarter than young children of at least 3 years of age, dogs, and even some primates.

Pigs constantly communicate with each other. They have a range of different oinks, grunts and squeals which have distinct meanings.

Pigs are extremely social animals. They form close bonds with other individuals and love close contact and lying down together.

Pigs have a tremendous sense of smell. The large round disk of cartilage at the tip of the snout is connected to muscle that gives it extra flexibility and strength for rooting in the ground.

Wild pigs are omnivores that eat just about anything, including plants, larvae, insects, worms, small animals and large animals. Most domesticated farm and pet pigs are raised on a diet of feed, fruits and vegetables.

Did you know?
There are around 2 billion pigs in the world.

Monday, June 20, 2016


Photo Credit:  Andrei Niemimäki
The chicken is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red jungle fowl. It is one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, with a population of more than 19 billion as of 2011. Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of food, consuming both their meat and their eggs.

Scientists have shown that mother hens display signs of empathy for their baby chicks. They are able to remember and recognize over 100 individuals; they can also recognize humans.

Chickens perform complex communication where calls have specific meanings. They perform over 30 types of vocalization that we are aware of with meanings varying from calling youngsters, alarm calls, and alerting others to the whereabouts of food.

Worldwide, there are hundreds of different chicken breeds. The American Poultry Association recognizes 65 different breeds of chicken. This list does not include the most populous breed of chicken, the Cobb 500. The Cobb 500 is the breed of chicken used by many commercial chicken meat producers.

A mature male chicken is called a rooster or cock or roo. A mature female chicken is called a hen. A chick is a newly hatched chicken. An immature male chicken is called a cockerel and an immature female chicken a pullet.

Did you know?
Alektorophobia is the fear of chickens.
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