Disclaimer

I am not a veterinarian. The health information provided on and accessible via this Blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered to be healthcare advice, veterinary or medical diagnosis, treatment or prescribing of any kind. Additionally, none of this information should be considered a promise of benefits, a claim of cures, a legal warranty or a guarantee of results to be achieved. This information is not intended as a substitute for advice from your pet’s veterinarian or any other healthcare provider. You should not use this information for diagnosis or treatment of any disease, condition or health problem or for prescription of any medication, supplement or other treatment for your pet, yourself or any other person or animal. You should consult with a veterinarian before altering or discontinuing any of your pet’s current medications, treatment or care or starting any diet, exercise or supplementation program. You should also check with your pet’s veterinarian if you have or suspect he or she might have a health problem.

Thursday, June 30, 2016

Goldfish Care Guide

Photo Credit: Wikimedia
Goldfish are as popular as they are beautiful. With proper care and housing, some of these colorful fish can live for 20 years or more.

Goldfish and a similar fish known as “koi” have been kept as ornamental pets for more than a thousand years. Koi and goldfish have shows and societies devoted to them, just as there are shows and societies for dogs, cats, and fancy mice. Although goldfish are associated with fish bowls, these bowls were never intended to house the animal for extended periods. In fact, they were originally used to show off exceptional fish during dinner parties and other showings, and then the fish would be released back into the pond.

Read more

Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Before You Get a Pet Frog

Photo Credit:  http://exoticpets.about.com
As with any other kind of pet, doing lots of research prior to deciding on the type of frog that best suits your needs is the best way to make sure you and your frog will be happy. Set up a tank with everything needed before getting a frog. Things to consider include:
  • Grown size of frogs. Some of the smallest frogs you might see in a pet store grow into giants. Sometimes their name adds to the confused expectations -- "pixie" frogs, which sound like they should be small, are actually African bullfrogs which grow to be 8-9 inches long and very fat. They get their cute name from their latin name, Pyxicephalus adspersus. 
  • The kind of tank they will need - aquatic, terrestrial, arboreal, or semi-aquatic (or half land and half water, which is probably the trickiest to set up and one of the most common types of tank needed for frogs). 
  • The type of food required - many frogs need a variety of insects, and the larger types can even eat pinkie mice 
  • Does the frog need to hibernate?

Tuesday, June 28, 2016

Cats

Photo Credit: David Corby
The domestic cat or the feral cat is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. Cats are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin. There are more than 70 cat breeds; different associations proclaim different numbers according to their standards.

Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision. They also have excellent hearing and can detect an extremely broad range of frequencies. They can hear higher-pitched sounds than either dogs or humans, detecting frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs both have ranges of about 9 octaves.

Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night. The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening, as a response to greater human activity at these times.

Did you know?
The average cat sleeps 16-18 hours per day.

Monday, June 27, 2016

Dogs

Beagle
Photo Credit: Claude Valroff
Dogs are domesticated carnivorous mammals that typically has a long snout, an acute sense of smell, and a barking, howling, or whining voice. It is widely kept as a pet or for work or field sports.

There are 340 recognized dog breeds in the world as of 2014, with 167 recognized in the United States. AKC-recognized breeds belong to 10 categorized groups based on the dog’s function, purpose, size or appearance.

Owning and caring for a dog is great fun and immensely rewarding. But it's also a big responsibility. There is no one 'perfect' way to care for all dogs because every dog and every situation is different. It's up to you how you look after your dog, but you must take reasonable steps to ensure that you meet all your dog's needs. When inviting others to play, a dog crouches on its forelimbs, remains standing on its hind limbs and may wag its tail or bark. This is called the ‘play bow’. Assistance dogs can help blind, deaf and disabled people, whilst some dogs can alert owners before an epileptic fit starts.

Did you know?
Dogs can get our diseases. About 6 million dogs are diagnosed with cancer each year, and dogs get canine versions of rare human disorders like the brain-wasting neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis that leads to the inability to walk or control their muscles. While illness is sad for humans and pets alike, sharing diseases benefits both species. Clinical trials are easier to run on pets, giving doctors an animal model of human disease -- and Fido a chance for a cure.

Friday, June 24, 2016

Cattle or Cows

Photo Credit: http://www.j-sainsbury.co.uk
Cattle or cows are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat (beef and veal), as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draft animals (oxen or bullocks that pull carts, plows and other implements). Other products include leather and dung for manure or fuel. In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant religious meaning. From as few as 80 progenitors domesticated in southeast Turkey about 10,500 years ago, according to an estimate from 2003, there are 1.3 billion cattle in the world. In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a fully mapped genome. Some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, and cattle raiding consequently one of the earliest forms of theft.

Cattle are large quadrupedal ungulate mammals with cloven hooves. Most breeds have horns, which can be as large as the Texas Longhorn or small like a scur. Careful genetic selection has allowed polled (hornless) cattle to become widespread.

Cattle are ruminants, meaning their digestive system is highly specialized to allow the use of poorly digestible plants as food. Cattle have one stomach with four compartments, the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum, with the rumen being the largest compartment. Cattle are known for regurgitating and re-chewing their food, known as "cud" chewing.

The mature female of the species is called a ‘cow’. The mature male of the species is called a ‘bull’. A group of cows is called a ‘herd’.A young female cow is called a ‘heifer’.A baby cow is called a ‘calf’.

Did you know?
Cows are social animals, and they naturally form large herds. And like people, they will make friends and bond to some herd members, while avoiding others.

Thursday, June 23, 2016

Horses

Photo Credit: François Marchal
Horses are ungulates — mammals with hooves. They also have long tails, short hair, muscular torsos, long thick necks and elongated heads. Due to domestication, they are found all over the world.

There is only one species of domestic horse, but around 400 different breeds that specialize in everything from pulling wagons to racing. All horses are grazers.

It is believed that horses were first domesticated in Asia between 3000 and 4000 B.C., according to Oklahoma State University. Back then, horses were used mostly for milk and meat. Eventually, horses joined oxen as a form of animal transportation.

Horses are found in almost every country in the world and every continent except Antarctica. For example, the Abyssinian is found in Ethiopia, the Budyonny comes from Russia, Deliboz is from Georgia and Armenia, the Egyptian came from Egypt and the Colorado Rangerbred comes from the Colorado plains, according to Oklahoma State University.

Horses are very social animals. They live in groups called herds. In the wild, horses will live in herds that consist of three to 20 animals and are lead by a mature male, which is called a stallion, according to National Geographic. The rest of the herd is made up of females and their young.

Horses are herbivores. This means they only eat vegetation. Typically, horses eat grass, but domesticated horses are often fed bran, rolled oats, barley and hay, as well.

Did you know? 
Horses can sleep both lying down and standing up.

Wednesday, June 22, 2016

Man Becomes Unlikely Best Friends with Baby Squirrel After Saving its Life



The little red squirrel was only 4-weeks-old when he fell four stories behind Decan Anderson’s building in Denmark.

He suffered a nasty chest wound from the fall and was abandoned by his mother, until Anderson came to his aid.

The man quickly fell in love with the squirrel, naming him TinTin and even affectionately fashioning a makeshift t-shirt for him from his sons socks so he wouldn’t scratch his wound.

Normally, keeping a squirrel as a pet is illegal, but officials made an exception in this extraordinary case, and after seeing how much the animal loves every human activity.

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Pigs

Photo Credit: http://www.globalmeatnews.com
Pigs are extraordinarily intelligent. They are curious and insightful animals who are widely accepted as being smarter than young children of at least 3 years of age, dogs, and even some primates.

Pigs constantly communicate with each other. They have a range of different oinks, grunts and squeals which have distinct meanings.

Pigs are extremely social animals. They form close bonds with other individuals and love close contact and lying down together.

Pigs have a tremendous sense of smell. The large round disk of cartilage at the tip of the snout is connected to muscle that gives it extra flexibility and strength for rooting in the ground.

Wild pigs are omnivores that eat just about anything, including plants, larvae, insects, worms, small animals and large animals. Most domesticated farm and pet pigs are raised on a diet of feed, fruits and vegetables.

Did you know?
There are around 2 billion pigs in the world.

Monday, June 20, 2016

Chickens

Photo Credit:  Andrei Niemimäki
The chicken is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red jungle fowl. It is one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, with a population of more than 19 billion as of 2011. Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of food, consuming both their meat and their eggs.

Scientists have shown that mother hens display signs of empathy for their baby chicks. They are able to remember and recognize over 100 individuals; they can also recognize humans.

Chickens perform complex communication where calls have specific meanings. They perform over 30 types of vocalization that we are aware of with meanings varying from calling youngsters, alarm calls, and alerting others to the whereabouts of food.

Worldwide, there are hundreds of different chicken breeds. The American Poultry Association recognizes 65 different breeds of chicken. This list does not include the most populous breed of chicken, the Cobb 500. The Cobb 500 is the breed of chicken used by many commercial chicken meat producers.

A mature male chicken is called a rooster or cock or roo. A mature female chicken is called a hen. A chick is a newly hatched chicken. An immature male chicken is called a cockerel and an immature female chicken a pullet.

Did you know?
Alektorophobia is the fear of chickens.
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